Italian Food Rules – Only Dip Biscotti in Vin Santo, Not in Coffee

Italians are very particular about what they dip their biscotti into. Pretty much it is a list of one – Vin Santo. The Italian Food Rule — Only Dip Biscotti in Vin Santo, Not in Coffee.

The perfect glass of Vin Santo for dipping biscotti
The perfect glass of Vin Santo for dipping biscotti

There is nothing more satisfying for dessert at the end of a long Italian meal than a couple of  almond -studded biscotti and a small glass of Vin Santo. The hard biscotti become sweetly moist after a few seconds dipped in the sweet late-harvest wine. Not too filling. Just a sweet note to the perfect repast. All that’s needed is a shot of espresso to send you on your way. But don’t make the mistake of dipping one extra biscotto into the coffee.

The subtly sweet, crisp almond cookies, loved throughout the world, have their origin in Italy. The word biscotti is the plural form of biscotto, which originates from the ancient Latin word biscoctus, meaning “twice-baked.”

Since they are very dry and can be stored for long periods of time, biscotti became a common food for long journeys, warring armies and sea voyages. Pliny the Elder boasted that such goods would be edible for centuries. They were a staple food of the Roman Legions and it is said Christopher Columbus carried these cookies on his voyages because they were so sturdy, and their dryness prevented the problem of spoilage.

While the word can refer to any crunchy cookie, it usually is used to describe the twice-baked almond cookies

known as cantucci or cantuccini in Tuscany. In the Florence, they’re known as Biscotti di Prato because the most famous version of this cookie comes from the historic bakery Mattei in Prato, founded in 1858. Antonio Mattei was a friend of Pellegrino Artusi, who included some of  Mattei’s recipes in The Science of Cooking and the Art of Eating Well (1891). Mattei’s Biscotti di Prato are rich with eggs, almonds and pine nuts, no artificial flavors. The first documented recipe for the biscuit is a centuries-old manuscript, now preserved in Prato, found by the eighteenth-century scholar Amadio Baldanzi. In this document, the biscuits are called Biscotti of Genoa.

By baking them twice, they lose any excess moisture, which ensures a crisp, dry cookie perfect for dipping. In Vin Santo.

Dip for a count of five for the best note.
Dip for a count of five for the best note.

Vin Santo or Vino Santo (holy wine) is a style of Italian dessert wine. Traditional in Tuscany, these wines are often made from white grape varieties such as Trebbiano and Malvasia. After the late-harvested grapes destined for Vin Santo are picked, they are hung in warm, well-ventilated rooms that allow the moisture in the grape to evaporate. This process allows the sugars in the grape to be more concentrated. The longer the grapes are allowed to dry , the higher the resulting residual sugar levels will be in the wine.

Depending on the style of wine desired, the grapes may be crushed and the fermentation process started after a few weeks or not until late March (the association with Easter is a possible reason for the name). Producers may use a starter culture of yeast known as a madre that includes a small amount of finished Vin Santo from previous years production. It is believed that this older wine can help jump start the fermentation process and also add complexity to the wine.

After fermentation the grapes are then aged in small oak barrels. In many DOC regions, the wines are required to age for at least 3 years though it is not uncommon for producers to age their wines for 5 to 10 years. Traditionally the barrels were made of chestnut instead of oak, which contributed high amounts of wood tannins and was very porous, which promoted  evaporation from the barrel. Under this same traditional style of winemaking, a large air space will emerge in the barrel and oxidation takes place. The high sugar content prevents the wine from turning to vinegar.

Although the style of making wine from dried grapes has been around almost as long as wine has been made, there are many theories on how the particular name Vin Santo or “holy wine” came to be associated with this style of wine in Italy. The most likely origin was the wine’s historic use in religious Mass, where sweet wine was often preferred. One of the earliest references to a ‘vinsanto’ wine come from the Renaissance era sales logs of Florentine wine merchants.

Biscotti and Coffe is a violation of the Italian Food Rule
Biscotti and Coffee is a violation of the Italian Food Rule

So if, after dinner, you start reaching for the biscotti on the plate in the middle of the table to dip into your coffee, stop and think of the number of Italian Food Rules you are about to break – eating after coffee, allowing crumbs to adulterate the coffee, and perhaps, drinking cappuccino after 10am because of course it’s hard to dip a biscotto into an espresso cup so you succumb to the urge to order cappuccino after dinner.

First, Italians consider coffee as both a palate cleanser and a digestivo. Biscotti (cantuccini) and Vin Santo, together, are dessert and made for each other. Cantuccini by themselves will put your teeth in peril. Dipping them in Vin Santo is the perfect solution. The flavors match perfectly and the best sip is the last with all of the delicious biscotti crumbs.

This is the biscotti that is perfect for dipping in cappuccino
These biscotti are perfect for dipping in cappuccino

Caveat: Technically biscotti refer to all crunchy biscuits and cookies. Therefore, biscotti are eaten and dunked in cappuccino for breakfast. But this is the biscotti della salute, a less dense, less sweet biscuit that is only a breakfast food and would never be eaten with coffe after lunch or dinner.

Italian Food Rules: The BookItalian Food Rules by Ann Reavis is available now. You can buy Italian Food Rules by using these links:

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9 thoughts on “Italian Food Rules – Only Dip Biscotti in Vin Santo, Not in Coffee

  1. Ann, another great Food Rule. There may be some exceptions, My mother (who made the world’s best biscotti) would have been very interested. Although she wouldn’t have known what Vin Santo was. She dipped a lot of “pane spagna” in her coffee. Maybe it’s a Sicilian Thing (no, not another one!).

  2. I love this rule, but I’ve been breaking it for years!

    Will I go to jail in Italia?

    And if I do, maybe they will serve me biscotti and coffee, but if I dip then… well I’ll never get out of jail!

  3. This is a ridiculous viewpoint. It is one thing to say that traditionally, biscotti are not dipped in coffee but in vin santo and to explain why, but it is quite another to say that this is an Italian food ‘rule’ not to be broken. Food rules should not exist. Many people like dipping biscotti in coffee, and they should by no means be encouraged to cease to do so simply because it ‘violates’ a so-called food rule.

  4. Wow Jem,

    I think you’re taking this too literally and are over-reacting.

    I’m from Yorkshire in England and the rule is that Yorkshire pudding should be cooked in the fat from the meat (dripping – see below) and eaten before the main course just with gravy.

    I have never eaten Yorkshire pudding in this way; I always eat it with my main course but cook it in the fat from the meat.

    But that doesn’t mean the rule is a ‘ridiculous viewpoint’. Actually, it reflects the fact that Yorkshire puddings were traditionally cooked under the spit-roasting meat and took on the flavour of the dripping fat.

    Whilst I have never eaten Yorkshire pudding with gravy as a starter but have often eaten it with my meal when it was cooked in the fat from the meat, my ideal would be to eat a Yorkshire pudding cooked under a spit-roasting joint.

    I view this rule about biscotti and Vin Santo in the same light – dipping biscotti in coffee would be like eating Yorkshire pudding with my meal, dipping biscotti in Vin Santo would be like eating Yorkshire pudding with gravy and dipping biscotti in a great Vin Santo would be like eating Yorkshire pudding cooked under a spit-roast.

    Any recipes for biscotti and recommendations for a great Vin Santo would be welcome!

  5. My father came to this country from Italy (central Adriatic – not Sicily). He, his mother, his brothers and sister and all our relatives dipped their biscotti in anything they pleased. Usually coffee.

  6. My Grandparents are from Palermo Sicily. They would dip all sorts of Italian style cookies in their coffee. But, not the biscotti. He would dip it in the wine.

  7. Biscotti is one thing. Does anyone know about a very hard Italian “cookie” that’s dipped in either coffee or wine? I think my grandfather dipped it in his red wine.
    My memory is of a dark colored long piece, not too sweet, with orange zest or maybe peels in it. My dad’s from Calabria, my mom’s from just south of Rome….Minturno. As a child I would like to suck on them because they were too hard to bite into.
    What I remember hearing is that it was called phonetically…..Ma – sta – stools.

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